Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. It has occurred in specialized cells that produce melanin. Do you know, Melanin is the pigment that imparts different shades and colors responsible to make for the skin? It occurs in the hair, skin, mucous membranes, and retina of the eye. The color of the skin is based on melanin production. People with low deposits of melanin have a fair skin tone and vice versa. People with high deposition have a darker skin tone.
Skin pigmentation disorders occur due to various reasons. There is excessive production of melanin in the body called hyper pigmentation. It leads to dark spots, patches, or discoloration of the skin. This can affect the color of the skin and cause dark patches. It results in an uneven skin tone.
Skin pigmentation isn’t a harmful condition, but needs to be evaluated in time. it may be an indication of another medical condition. Therefore, it is necessary to consult with a dermatologist to get the treatment. So, to determine the right cause behind the pigmentation and get the required treatment. An accurate diagnosis, it is recommended to seek help from an experienced dermatologist. You can recommend treatment options and considerations. It depends on the type of pigmentation.
The different stages of treatment include
Derma scan analysis
Biopsy of the specific skin area if required
The dermatologist may also review your medical or family history, before giving you any medication. Sometimes the cure is followed by other skin examinations to figure out the cause of skin pigmentation. Once the factors are ascertained, you can get the treatment. The professional dermatologist either suggests topical medication or advanced treatments for cure. It is crucial to avoid picking or scratching at the affected spot caused by sun exposure. The pigment in brown spots tends to move deeper into the skin over time and steals your beauty. so it is better to treat hyper pigmentation in its early phases.
In case the OTC remedies are not working you can go for laser treatment. The treatment effectively works for you. You can talk with your dermatologist and try prescription-strength hydroquinone alone or in combination with other lighteners. Hence you get the desired solution for the problem. It has proven to be effective in slowing down the production of pigment and fading the darkened spots. While using hydroquinone, the professional should tell you about the particular treatment. So, it is essential that your dermatologist closely monitors your skin.
The best way to prevent skin pigmentation is to avoid exposure to sunlight. Moreover, you have to go out using broad-spectrum sunscreen even on cloudy or cool days. Using a sun protection factor of 30 can give the best results. Best creams will protect you from UV short-wave rays. For protection from the UVA long-wave rays, you can ask your doctor to get the right serum. you can choose a product that contains Me xoryl, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or avoben zone but with consultation of a doctor.